De Chirico, Giorgio

(1888–1978)
   Born in Greece, De Chirico is one of the most enigmatic painters of the 20th century. After an early cubist period, he was influenced by the futurist painter Carlo Carra. Together with Carra, De Chirico gave birth to the so-called metaphysical school of art, which—by emphasizing stillness, emptiness, natural light, and the hyperrealistic depiction of objects— deliberately contradicted the frenzied celebration of motion that characterized futurist painting. De Chirico’s best work is unforgettable once seen; his figures are like a tailor’s dummies—eyeless, mouthless, and disquieting. His street scenes are as different from the crowded thoroughfares and kinetically charged piazzas portrayed by Umberto Boccioni as can be imagined. De Chirico painted the porticoed squares of desolate villages baking under a blue Mediterranean sky, with large areas of murky shadow and houses whose large windows look out blankly on to the street. The few human figures are solitary individuals, engaged in aimless tasks, and usually draped in shadow. Both dadaism and surrealism, and much of the best Fascist architecture, owed a great deal to De Chirico’s work.
   De Chirico’s artistic production from the late 1920s onward is considered to have declined in originality and quality. He died in Rome in 1978.

Historical Dictionary of Modern Italy. . 2007.

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  • Chirico, Giorgio de — born July 10, 1888, Vólos, Greece died Nov. 19, 1978, Rome, Italy Italian painter. Born to Italian parents in Greece, he studied art in Munich and began painting images juxtaposing the fantastic with the commonplace. In 1911 he moved to Paris,… …   Universalium

  • Chirico,Giorgio de — Chi·ri·co (kîrʹĭ kō , kēʹrē ), Giorgio de. 1888 1978. Italian painter whose works are characterized by deep shadow and perspective, barren landscapes, and elements of classical architecture and sculpture. * * * …   Universalium

  • Chirico, Giorgio de — ► (1888 1978) Pintor italiano. En 1915 creó la pintura metafísica. Se adhirió luego al surrealismo. En 1930 retomó una pintura de técnicas clásicas. Autor de Naturaleza muerta en un paisaje y Héctor y Andrómaca, entre otras. * * * (10 jul. 1888,… …   Enciclopedia Universal

  • de Chirico, Giorgio — ▪ Italian painter born July 10, 1888, Vólos, Greece died November 19, 1978, Rome, Italy       Italian painter who, with Carlo Carrà (Carrà, Carlo) and Giorgio Morandi (Morandi, Giorgio), founded the style of Metaphysical painting.  After studying …   Universalium

  • De Chirico, Giorgio — (7/10/1888 Volos, Greece 11/20/1978 Rome) (Italy)    Painter, writer, theatrical designer, sculptor, and printmaker. Studied with E Gilleron and at the Higher School of Fine Arts in Athens where he studied with G. Rodos, C. Bolonakis, and G. Jaco …   Dictionary of erotic artists: painters, sculptors, printmakers, graphic designers and illustrators

  • Chirico — Giorgio De Chirico Giorgio De Chirico Portrait de Giorgio de Chirico par Carl van Vechten Naissance 10 juillet 1888 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Giorgio de Chirico — Portrait de Giorgio de Chirico par Carl van Vechten Naissance 10 juillet 1888 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Giorgio di Chirico — Giorgio De Chirico Giorgio De Chirico Portrait de Giorgio de Chirico par Carl van Vechten Naissance 10 juillet 1888 …   Wikipédia en Français

  • Giorgio De Chirico — Giorgio de Chirico, 5. Dezember 1936 Fotografie von Carl van Vechten, aus der Van Vechten Collection der Library of Congress Giorgio de Chirico (* 10. Juli 1888 in Volos, Griechenland; † 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

  • Giorgio Di Chirico — Giorgio de Chirico, 5. Dezember 1936 Fotografie von Carl van Vechten, aus der Van Vechten Collection der Library of Congress Giorgio de Chirico (* 10. Juli 1888 in Volos, Griechenland; † 1 …   Deutsch Wikipedia

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